Irish Grassroots Football

El Rondo

I first heard of the meaning of ‘Rondo’ back in 2011, when Albert Benagies (Former head of Youth Development) came to Ireland with two FC Barcelona coaches. They put on two magnificent days of coaching for over 300 coaches.

It was unbelievable experience to get that close to the Barca ethos & philosophy (particularly at a time when they were dominating football). Much of that was seen in Albert Benaiges, one of the men responsible for this footballing philosophy at the club. Benaiges was the head of Barca’s Youth Academy (La Masia) for two decades, responsible not only for seven of the 11 that won the Champions League final 2011 (and Pep Guardiola, the coach) but for the Barcelona way.

“I pass and I move, I look, I open up the pitch,” Xavi said as a tribute. “The one who has the ball is the master of the game. That’s the school of … Albert Benaiges …”

The most remarkable thing of all was that Albert didn’t speak a word of English, yet he was able to control, teach and entertain for two full days by merely teaching, demonstrating, pointing and occasionally grunting. He was warm, affectionate and he made you want to listen. He had a commanding presence that made everyone gravitate towards him. I’ll never forget how amazing the weekend was.

I still have the handbook from the event and it includes the most simple game related exercises of which the majority are ‘Rondos’ possession games.

“At Barcelona, there has been a formation of historical players,” says Benaiges. “When I was 18, a coach called Laureano Ruiz arrived in 1970. Later [Johan] Cryuff arrived. Then there was [Jose Ramon] Alexanko. The result of all those collaborations is what you see in today’s Barcelona.”

What is a Rondo? It’s a game where one group of players has the ball while in numerical superiority (generally the most popular are 3v1, 4v2, 5v2, 6v3…etc) over another group of players. The basic objective of  the players with the ball is to keep possession of it while the objective of the players chasing the ball is to win the ball back as quick as possible.

Rondos differ from say regular possession games in that the rondo is a game where the players occupy a preset space as opposed to various spaces with a possession game. Generally you are static in a possessional sense, but moving on the balls of your feet and reacting to the space and pass.

Things that happen in a Rondo and how the players benefit:

  • You pass and stay or move.
  • One or two touch passes.
  • Fast rhythm and tempo.
  • You create good passing lines.
  • Improved passing and control.
  • Short passing.
  • Passing lines.
  • Improvisation.
  • Good Habits.
  • You communicate with your hands, eyes and voice.
  • You have less time to think.
  • To create space you try and pass to the furthest foot away from the defender.
  • Play into feet or into space.
  • Disguise passes.
  • Keep the ball rolling.
  • Nearest player presses.
  • Pressing systematically.

“One of the core principles taught at the Barcelona school is that results are secondary always.”

The Rondo is great warm-up game! While you set-up your session, the game allows the kids to chat and joke amongst themselves before the session starts. It also allows them to get plenty of touches of the ball in a tight area. You should always start your session with a rondo.


“Everything that goes on in a match, except shooting, you can do in a rondo. The competitive aspect, fighting to make space, what to do when in possession and what to do when you haven’t got the ball, how to play ‘one touch’ soccer, how to counteract the tight marking and how to win the ball back.” Johan Cruyff 

How does the ‘Rondo’ help our players:

BRAIN TRAINING : In rondos the player is constantly perceiving and making decisions with respect to his teammates, opponents, position of the ball etc. … For this reason the capacity to make the correct decisions, at speed and with minimal touches will help define and develop their game intelligences, quickness and cognitive skills. You have to think on your feet and know where to place the pass in a split-of-a-second.

TECHNICAL : Due to the way that the rondo is set up, it is necessary to have good physical movements and technical skills otherwise you will spent quit a lot of your time chasing the ball. Players have to be fully concentrated, moving and thinking on the balls of their feet. This fast paced game punishes those who aren’t fully concentrated.

COMPETITIVENESS : In the development of the rondo, the player’s competitive nature is improved. Players have to fight to make space, learn how to counteract marking and how to win the ball back. Nobody wants to be the one making the mistake which leads to more time in the middle.

TEAM ENVIRONMENT : With the type of work done in rondos, the understanding and bond between teammates is improved, and the sense of “team cohesion” is also built. There are very few games that get all the players laughing, joking and improving at the same time. Coaches can also get involved and players love any opportunity to humiliate (nutmegs come to mind) the coach. Above all this game is a lot of fun.

CREATIVITY : The nature of the rondo, with its limited time and space, forces the players to use various technical and tactical abilities in order to solve constantly changing problems within the game. This helps develop creativity. However you won’t see this improvement unless you consistently do Rondos.

PHYSICAL : With rondos a team may work anaerobic resistance by varying the space, time and number of players involved. Rondos should always lead into a progression with bigger area and various  conditions.

Below is footage from FC Barcelona’s warm-up Rondo in Champions League Final 2011

Rondos don’t need to be the main part of your session and can be used after the warm up to begin to implement certain aspects, under pressure in a condensed setting, before moving into a bigger area of the pitch or even an attack v defence directional practice. The great thing about Rondo is that their are so many variations for what your trying to achieve.

I know we can’t adapt everything from the Spanish game but this is one exercise we can and it will certainly benefit our players. The most important thing to remember is repetition, repetition, repetition.

I highly recommend this book Possession: Play Football The Spanish Way


I always like to hear your opinions and views. If you feel you have something to say, please comment below or email me and if you don’t have anything to add, please pass this on to a friend.

As always, thanks for reading. I’m also on twitter  @Coachdiary


Possession is Nine-tenths of the Game – By Inside Soccer

Why us possession games in training? 

The most basic reason for using possession games in training is because they are CLOSELY RELATED TO REAL GAME SITUATIONS.

While there may be a compelling argument to hone technique with “choreographed” drills, it is in opposed situations where players have to problem-solve, analyze, decide and execute under pressure. Isn’t that exactly what happens in the game?

Look at Spain

This is the type of method many clubs in Spain are using with their young players, because opposition and pressure is exactly what they will encounter during regular competitive games. And rather than small-sided games, its the multi-player game that is practiced, played on a bigger field, again because it replicates the real thing.

The rationale is that the real game is played by 22 players, so if as near that number is incorporated in the training sessions, then real game situations will be created.

In most games, no matter which teams are involved, the possession of the ball changes fairly continually. A team that attacks and loses the ball also loses the initiative and must adjust to regain possession as quickly as possible to re-establish control of the game. These changes are crucial for the development of the players’ soccer skills. The more players that are on the field means that players have to make quicker decisions and execute skills and techniques more rapidly. Isn’t that exactly what happens in games?

 Decisions, Decisions, Decisions

Indeed, players who operate in multi-player games must be capable of making instant decisions. The capacity to choose the correct option in any given situation is a crucial factor in the development of players. Those who need to get the ball to their feet before deciding what to do with it will not be very successful. On the contrary those who know what they will do with the ball before it even arrives, will stand out as having the necessary technical abilities to get to the higher levels of the game.

This is one aspect that truly defines the great players. The ones who can anticipate their opponents movements, are aware of their teammates positions and can execute skills with quality and precision. Consequently, young players must become accustomed to thinking before they receive the ball, and should, therefore, be continually put in situations where that is necessary.

We are all learning

One of the main features in training young players is that they must take responsibility for their own learning. As Horst Wein writes “ In modern and effective football training the developer/teacher replaces the coach/instructor, allowing the players to construct their own learning”

Coaches shouldnt try to dictate every movement of the players. Instead let them experiment and discover solutions for themselves. This method will reap rewards in the long run even if mistakes are made in the short term, which itself is something many coaches today must learn to handle effectively. Its the developer/teacher who will subtly control the level of difficulty, introducing variations to rules or dimensions at the right time, allowing players sufficient time to familiarize themselves with all situations.

Offense & Defence, go hand-in-hand

Alberto Giraldez, for many years the Academy Director at Real Madrid points out “When constructing possession games its important for coaches to understand that the attacking team is often at its most vulnerable when they lose the ball. Thus emphasis on attacking play should be matched with a desire to get into a balanced shape once possession is lost”.

Accordingly, practice games should include such situations, allowing players to enjoy keeping possession, but changing the mentality and instilling a desire to win the ball back when possession is lost. Training games like these played at high intensity make it possible to work on attacking and defending principles simultaneously.

However, particularly at Real Madrid, Giraldez does go on to say,

“We do not encourage players to play just on instinct, physicality and energy…….what we want is the thinking player”

Keep it Fun

Most youngsters play soccer because they want to have fun. Some of the more “supervising” coach/instructors feel the need to impart their knowledge on the players, and so constantly stop drills and practices to tell the players what they know. What they fail to understand is that it is possible to play and learn at the same time. How many times have you witnessed players involved in drills far removed from the game itself, often standing in lines waiting to follow the coaches orders? In Spain, for many years, and obviously paying dividends now, the emphasis is on self-learning, motivation and hard work but having fun at the same time. Playing multi-player games stimulates all these aspects.

The Competitive Element

Most coaches agree that winning games is not the first priority for teaching young players. Particularly at the younger ages, the search for learning by playing well is far more valuable than the simple sum of three points for winning a game.

Therefore, the focus should always be on the satisfaction of playing well and working hard on development of the tactics practiced during the weeks.

Extracts taken from “Possession: Play Football The Spanish Way”– A coaching guide and collection of possession games for youth teams: by Jesus Enrique Gutierrez Mayor. – former Real Madrid coach, now with Madrid Football 
 Federation. (I highly recommend this book)

** copies of the book, published in different languages, can be obtained by contacting:
 jesus Gutierrez <> mention my website for a discount.

TCD: This post was taken from Inside Soccer’s blog. I highly recommend this website, it has everything you need to know about coaching soccer. 

Follow Jesus on twitter @Susen_31


I always like to hear your opinions. Please comment below or email me If, you don’t have anything to add then please forward this on to a friend. Thanks for reading. I’m also on twitter @Coachdiary

Irish Grassroots Football

Barca Ball retention “El Rondo”

Rondos are usually set up in a grid of varying size, which can be anything from 8×8 to a half pitch depending on the skill level of the players or the aspect of play you want to work on. There are always players “in the middle” with the team in possession usually having numerical superiority either though given number of players or with the use of neutral players/jokers.

There are often thought of as only a technical practice because the main aim is to keep possession away from the defenders and the technical aspects of rondos are there for all to see, but we can also set up rondos to work on many tactical and positional aspects of play; albeit in a condensed setting. There are popular set ups for rondos because of the relevance to in game situations. The most popular are: 3v1, 4v2, 5v2 & 6v3 and 5v5+2.

Passing – The Barcelona Way?

Following Barcelona’s amazing performances, I have been receiving a number of emails and questions asking about the Barca way. Coaches searching the web for Barca’s training plans but to no avail and you will do very well to find a Barcelona training plan on the net. So if you want some, you’ll have to come to Carton House in February 2011 and get your hands on these very special documents.

A great Spanish and Barca Warm Up drill:
Ball retention “El Rondo”

Players play 3v1 in a tight space (10 by 10) depending on players ability. The player in the middle has the job of getting the ball off of the other players by intercepting it as they attempt to pass it to each other. This is a pressure game, so no tackling. When the one of the central players wins the ball, the player who made the pass must become the man in the middle. This is a fast paced game, and 1 or 2 ouches only and this will make sure one person doesn’t spend too much time in the middle chasing after ball. This can also be progressed to 4v2 in a larger area and again start with two touch and then move to one touch.

Here is a video of Barca using what is called the “Rondo” warming up for the CL Final.

Fantastic ball retention: Champions League Final 2011 – Warm-Up Rondo

Rondo Presentation

Here is a 40 page rondospresentation by Kieran Smith @Kieransmith1


I always like to hear your opinions and views. If you feel you have something to say, please comment below or email me If, you don’t have anything to add then please forward this on to a friend. As always, thanks for reading.

I’m also on twitter @Coachdiary

pharmacy in canada @ my canadian pharmacy @ online pharmacy uk phentermine @ online indian pharmacy reviews @ reputable online pharmacy cialis